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Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2018 Oct;56(4):476-485. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.05.030. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

The Dutch Audit of Carotid Interventions: Transparency in Quality of Carotid Endarterectomy in Symptomatic Patients in the Netherlands.

Collaborators (289)

Van den Akker LH, Van den Akker PJ, Akkersdijk GJ, Akkersdijk GP, Akkersdijk WL, van Andringa de Kempenaer MG, Arts CH, Avontuur JA, Baal JG, Bakker OJ, Balm R, Barendregt WB, Bender MH, Bendermacher BL, van den Berg M, Berger P, Beuk RJ, Blankensteijn JD, Bleker RJ, Bockel JH, Bodegom ME, Bogt KE, Boll AP, Booster MH, Borger van der Burg BL, de Borst GJ, Bos-van Rossum WT, Bosma J, Botman JM, Bouwman LH, Breek JC, Brehm V, Brinckman MJ, van den Broek TH, Brom HL, de Bruijn MT, de Bruin JL, Brummel P, van Brussel JP, Buijk SE, Buimer MG, Burger DH, Buscher HC, den Butter G, Cancrinus E, Castenmiller PH, Cazander G, Coveliers HM, Cuypers PH, Daemen JH, Dawson I, Derom AF, Dijkema AR, Diks J, Dinkelman MK, Dirven M, Dolmans DE, van Doorn RC, van Dortmont LM, van der Eb MM, Eefting D, van Eijck GJ, Elshof JW, Elsman BH, van der Elst A, van Engeland MI, van Eps RG, Faber MJ, de Fijter WM, Fioole B, Fritschy WM, Geelkerken RH, van Gent WB, Glade GJ, Govaert B, Groenendijk RP, de Groot HG, van den Haak RF, de Haan EF, Hajer GF, Hamming JF, van Hattum ES, Hazenberg CE, Hedeman Joosten PP, Helleman JN, van der Hem LG, Hendriks JM, van Herwaarden JA, Heyligers JM, Hinnen JW, Hissink RJ, Ho GH, den Hoed PT, Hoedt MT, van Hoek F, Hoencamp R, Hoffmann WH, Hoksbergen AW, Hollander EJ, Huisman LC, Hulsebos RG, Huntjens KM, Idu MM, Jacobs MJ, van der Jagt MF, Jansbeken JR, Janssen RJ, Jiang HH, de Jong SC, Jongkind V, Kapma MR, Keller BP, Khodadade Jahrome A, Kievit JK, Klemm PL, Klinkert P, Knippenberg B, Koedam NA, Koelemaij MJ, Kolkert JL, Koning GG, Koning OH, Krasznai AG, Krol RM, Kropman RH, Kruse RR, van der Laan L, van der Laan MJ, van Laanen JH, Lardenoye JH, Lawson JA, Legemate DA, Leijdekkers VJ, Lemson MS, Lensvelt MM, Lijkwan MA, Lind RC, van der Linden FT, Liqui Lung PF, Loos MJ, Loubert MC, Mahmoud DE, Manshanden CG, Mattens EC, Meerwaldt R, Mees BM, Metz R, Minnee RC, de Mol van Otterloo JC, Moll FL, Montauban van Swijndregt YC, Morak MJ, van de Mortel RH, Mulder W, Nagesser SK, Naves CC, Nederhoed JH, Nevenzel-Putters AM, de Nie AJ, Nieuwenhuis DH, Nieuwenhuizen J, van Nieuwenhuizen RC, Nio D, Oomen AP, Oranen BI, Oskam J, Palamba HW, Peppelenbosch AG, van Petersen AS, Peterson TF, Petri BJ, Pierie ME, Ploeg AJ, Pol RA, Ponfoort ED, Poyck PP, Prent A, Ten Raa S, Raymakers JT, Reichart M, Reichmann BL, Reijnen MM, Rijbroek A, van Rijn MJ, de Roo RA, Rouwet EV, Rupert CG, Saleem BR, van Sambeek MR, Samyn MG, van 't Sant HP, van Schaik J, van Schaik PM, Scharn DM, Scheltinga MR, Schepers A, Schlejen PM, Schlosser FJ, Schol FP, Schouten O, Schreinemacher MH, Schreve MA, Schurink GW, Sikkink CJ, Siroen MP, Te Slaa A, Smeets HJ, Smeets L, de Smet AA, de Smit P, Smit PC, Smits TM, Snoeijs MG, Sondakh AO, van der Steenhoven TJ, van Sterkenburg SM, Stigter DA, Stigter H, Strating RP, Stultiëns D, Sybrandy JE, Teijink JA, Telgenkamp BJ, Testroote MJ, The RM, Thijsse WJ, Tielliu IF, van Tongeren RB, Toorop RJ, Tordoir JH, Tournoij E, Truijers M, Türkcan K, Tutein Nolthenius RP, Ünlü Ç, Vafi AA, Vahl AC, Veen EJ, Veger HT, Veldman MG, Verhagen HJ, Verhoeven BA, Vermeulen CF, Vermeulen EG, Vierhout BP, Visser MJ, van der Vliet JA, Vlijmen-van Keulen CJ, Voesten HG, Voorhoeve R, Vos AW, de Vos B, Vos GA, Vriens BH, Vriens PW, de Vries AC, de Vries JP, de Vries M, van der Waal C, Waasdorp EJ, Wallis de Vries BM, van Walraven LA, van Wanroij JL, Warlé MC, van Weel V, van Well AM, Welten GM, Welten RJ, Wever JJ, Wiersema AM, Wikkeling OR, Willaert WI, Wille J, Willems MC, Willigendael EM, Wisselink W, Witte ME, Wittens CH, Wolf-de Jonge IC, Yazar O, Zeebregts CJ, van Zeeland ML, de Borst GJ, Elsman BHP, Elshof JW, Geelkerken RH, Hamming JF, Vahl A, Willems MC.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands; Dutch Institute for Clinical Auditing, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Surgery, OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Clinical Epidemiology, OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Dutch Institute for Clinical Auditing, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Surgery, Deventer Hospital, Deventer, The Netherlands.
5
Department of Surgery, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands; Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.
6
Dutch Institute for Clinical Auditing, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
7
Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
8
Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: g.j.deborst-2@umcutrecht.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Dutch Audit for Carotid Interventions (DACI) registers all patients undergoing interventions for carotid artery stenosis in the Netherlands. This study describes the design of the DACI and results of patients with a symptomatic stenosis undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). It aimed to evaluate variation between hospitals in process of care and (adjusted) outcomes, as well as predictors of major stroke/death after CEA.

METHODS:

All patients with a symptomatic stenosis, who underwent CEA and were registered in the DACI between 2014 and 2016 were included in this cohort. Descriptive analyses of patient characteristics, process of care, and outcomes were performed. Casemix adjusted hospital procedural outcomes as (30 day/in hospital) mortality, stroke/death, and major stroke/death, were compared with the national mean. A multivariable logistic regression model (backward elimination at p > 0.10) was used to identify predictors of major stroke/death.

RESULTS:

A total of 6459 patients, registered by 52 hospitals, were included. The majority (4,832, 75%) were treated <2 weeks after their first hospital consultation, varying from 40% to 93% between hospitals. Mortality, stroke/death, and major stroke/death were, respectively, 1.1%, 3.6%, and 1.8%. Adjusted major stroke/death rates for hospital comparison varied between 0 and 6.5%. Nine hospitals performed significantly better, none performed significantly worse. Predictors of major stroke/death were sex, age, pulmonary disease, presenting neurological symptoms, and peri-operative shunt.

CONCLUSION:

CEA in The Netherlands is associated with an overall low mortality and (major) stroke/death rate. Whereas the indicator time to intervention varied between hospitals, mortality and (major) stroke/death were not significantly distinctive enough to identify worse practices and therefore were unsuitable for hospital comparison in the Dutch setting. Additionally, predictors of major stroke/death at population level could be identified.

KEYWORDS:

CEA; Carotid endarterectomy; National clinical audit; Quality of care; Symptomatic carotid artery stenosis

PMID:
30077438
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.05.030

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