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Fertil Steril. 2014 Mar;101(3):767-74. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.12.006. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding conception and fertility: a population-based survey among reproductive-age United States women.

Author information

1
Section of Clinical and Outcomes Research in Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address: lisbet.lundsberg@yale.edu.
2
Section of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
3
Section of Clinical and Outcomes Research in Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.
4
Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Program, Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine at Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess overall knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to conception and fertility among reproductive-age women in the United States.

DESIGN:

Online survey of a cross-sectional sample of 1,000 women.

SETTING:

United States, March 2013.

PATIENT(S):

Women aged 18-40 years.

INTERVENTION(S):

None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding selected topics in reproductive health.

RESULT(S):

Forty percent of women across all age groups expressed concerns about their ability to conceive. Yet one-third of women were unaware of adverse implications of sexually transmitted infections, obesity, or irregular menses for procreative success, and one-fifth were unaware of the effects of aging. Approximately 40% were unfamiliar with the ovulatory cycle. Overall, younger women (18-24 years) demonstrated less knowledge regarding conception, fertility, and ovulation, whereas older women tended to believe in common myths and misconceptions. Respondents in all age groups identified women's health care providers (75%) and Web sites (40%) as top sources of reproductive health-related information; however, engagement with providers on specific factors affecting fertility is sparse.

CONCLUSION(S):

Knowledge regarding ovulation, fertility, and conception is limited among this sample of reproductive-age US women. Future initiatives should prioritize improved provider engagement and accurate information dissemination in Web-based venues.

KEYWORDS:

Knowledge; conception; fertility; ovulation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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