Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found using an alternative search:

Kidney Int. 1993 Jan;43(1):212-7.

Effect of insulin-plus-glucose infusion with or without epinephrine on fasting hyperkalemia.

Author information

Nephrology Research and Training Center, University of Alabama, Birmingham.


Extrarenal potassium disposal is an important defense against hyperkalemia in patients with end-stage renal disease. Both insulin and epinephrine are important modulators of this process. Hemodialysis patients are prone to developing hyperkalemia during fasting. We tested the hypothesis that the infusion of physiologic doses of insulin prevents fasting hyperkalemia in hemodialysis patients, both by a direct stimulation of extrarenal potassium disposal, as well as by augmenting the potassium-lowering effect of epinephrine. Ten stable, nondiabetic maintenance hemodialysis patients were studied prospectively in a Clinical Research Center. They were fasted for 18 hours, followed by an acute infusion of epinephrine at 0.01 microgram/kg/min, in the absence or presence of prior beta-blockade with propranolol. Serial measurements of plasma potassium, insulin and glucose were obtained. The patients were restudied under the same experimental protocols, while receiving a continuous infusion of insulin with dextrose. The plasma potassium increased by 0.58 +/- 0.13 mmol/liter (P = 0.002) after 18 hours of fasting. Administration of insulin with dextrose at a dose that doubled the plasma insulin levels within the physiologic range (9.3 +/- 1.1 vs. 20.2 +/- 2.3 mU/liter, P < 0.002), completely prevented the rise in plasma potassium (+0.06 +/- 0.13 mmol/liter, P = 0.64). Epinephrine did not significantly change the plasma potassium during fasting alone (+0.05 +/- 0.09 mmol/liter, P = 0.59), whereas it lowered the potassium significantly (-0.16 +/- 0.04 mmol/liter, P = 0.003) when the subjects were receiving insulin with glucose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center