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See 1 citation in J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2015:

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Aug;24(8):1227-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2014.12.022. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Specific kinematics and associated muscle activation in individuals with scapular dyskinesis.

Author information

1
School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Physical Therapy Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: jiujlin@ntu.edu.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Knowledge of the kinematics and associated muscular activity in individuals with scapular dyskinesis may provide insight into the injury mechanism and inform the planning of treatment strategies. We investigated scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation during arm movements in individuals with scapular dyskinesis.

METHODS:

A visual-based palpation method was used to evaluate 82 participants with unilateral shoulder pain. Scapular movements during arm raising/lowering movements were classified as abnormal single pattern (inferior angle prominence, pattern I; medial border prominence, pattern II; excessive/inadequate scapular elevation or upward rotation, pattern III), abnormal mixed patterns, or normal pattern (pattern IV). Scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation were assessed with an electromagnetic motion-capturing system and surface electromyography.

RESULTS:

More scapular internal rotation was found in pattern II subjects (4°, P = .009) and mixed pattern I and II subjects (4°, P = .023) than in control subjects during arm lowering. Scapular posterior tipping (3°, P = .028) was less in pattern I subjects during arm lowering. Higher upper trapezius activity (14%, P = .01) was found in pattern II subjects during arm lowering. In addition, lower trapezius (5%, P = .025) and serratus anterior activity (10%, P = .004) were less in mixed pattern I and II subjects during arm lowering.

CONCLUSIONS:

Specific alterations of scapular muscular activation and kinematics were found in different patterns of scapular dyskinesis. The findings also validated the use of a comprehensive classification test to assess scapular dyskinesis, especially in the lowering phase of arm elevation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01962727.

KEYWORDS:

Scapula; clinical assessment; dyskinesis; electromyography; kinematics; movement patterns

PMID:
25704212
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2014.12.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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