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J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Nov;8(5):489-93. doi: 10.3171/2011.8.PEDS1166.

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in the treatment of childhood hydrocephalus: validation of a success score that predicts long-term outcome.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Wessex Neurological Centre, Southampton, UK.



The goal of this study was to externally validate the proposed Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy Success Score (ETVSS), which predicts successful treatment for hydrocephalus on the basis of a child's individual characteristics.


The authors retrospectively identified 181 cases of consecutive endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) performed in children at a single neurosurgery center in the United Kingdom. They compared actual success at both 6 and 36 months, with mean predicted probabilities for low, moderate, and high chance of success strata based on the ETVSS. Long-term success was calculated using Kaplan-Meier methods and comparisons were made by means of unpaired t-tests.


Overall, 166 primary ETVs were performed; ETV success was 72.9% at 6 and 64.5% at 36 months. At long-term follow-up, the mean predicted probability of success was significantly higher in those with a successful ETV (99 patients) than in those with a failed ETV (67 patients) (p = 0.001). The ETVSS accurately predicted outcome at 36 months; the low, medium, and high chance of success strata had mean predicted probabilities of success of 82%, 63%, and 36%, and actual success of 76%, 66%, and 42%, respectively. The overall complication rate was 6%.


The ETVSS closely predicted the overall long-term success rates in high-, moderate-, and low-risk groups. The results of this study suggest that the ETVSS will aid clinical decision making in predicting outcome of ETV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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