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J Hepatol. 2012 Dec;57(6):1251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2012.07.018. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Prognostic significance of a combination of pre- and post-treatment tumor markers for hepatocellular carcinoma curatively treated with hepatectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki, Japan. hmtoyoda@spice.ocn.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Previous studies reported that the combination of three tumor markers for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive AFP (AFP-L3), and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), has the ability to discriminate survival among patients with HCC. In those studies, however, the study population included all patients with various treatment modalities, and tumor markers were measured only before treatment. We investigated the prognostic value of a combination of these tumor markers for HCC, measured before and after treatment, on survival and recurrence in patients treated with hepatectomy.

METHODS:

A total of 173 patients who underwent hepatectomy for primary, non-recurrent HCC were analyzed. Tumor characteristics, postoperative survival, and recurrence rates were compared according to the number of elevated tumor markers measured before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

The correlation between the number of elevated tumor markers before treatment and tumor size, rate of portal vein invasion, and tumor differentiation, respectively, was stronger than that between the number of elevated tumor markers after treatment. In contrast, the number of elevated tumor markers after treatment displayed an excellent ability to discriminate post-treatment survival and recurrence rates compared to that before treatment, and was an independent factor associated with survival and recurrence in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combination of tumor markers measured after hepatectomy has a better discriminatory ability for postoperative survival and recurrence in HCC patients treated with hepatectomy in comparison to the combination of tumor markers measured before treatment.

PMID:
22824818
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2012.07.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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