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See 1 citation in J Clin Virol 2017:

J Clin Virol. 2017 May;90:32-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2017.03.003. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

Serum IFN-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10) as a biomarker for severity of acute respiratory infection in healthy adults.

Author information

1
School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, United States. Electronic address: mary.hayney@wisc.edu.
2
School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, United States.
3
Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The inflammatory chemokine, interferon-gamma inducible protein of 10kDa (IP-10), is a biomarker associated with several conditions.

OBJECTIVES:

This study investigated serum concentrations of IP-10 in healthy individuals who developed acute respiratory infection (ARI). The hypothesis is that serum IP-10 concentrations correlate with ARI severity and detection of viral pathogens.

STUDY DESIGN:

Data come from a randomized controlled trial measuring the effects of mindfulness meditation or exercise on ARI (Clinical Trials ID: NCT01654289). Healthy adults ages 30-69 were followed for a single season for ARI incidence and severity. This trial is ongoing, and the investigators are still blinded. When a participant reported ARI symptoms, nasal swab and lavage for PCR-based viral identification and blood samples were collected within the first 72h of ARI symptoms. Serum IP-10 concentrations were measured by ELISA (R&D Systems, Inc., Quantikine ELISA, Minneapolis, MN). ARI severity was measured using the validated Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey (WURSS-24) until the ARI episode resolved.

RESULTS:

Serum IP-10 concentrations from 225 ARI episodes correlated with ARI global severity (rho 0.28 [95% CI: 0.15-0.39]; p<0.001). IP-10 concentrations were higher with an ARI in which a viral pathogen was detected compared to no viral pathogen detected (median 366pg/ml [IQR: 227-486] vs 163pg/ml [IQR: 127-295], p<0.0001). Influenza infections had higher IP-10 concentrations than coronavirus, enterovirus or rhinovirus, and paramyxovirus.

CONCLUSION:

Serum IP-10 concentration correlates with ARI global severity. Also, IP-10 concentration measured early in the course of the ARI correlates with the daily severity, duration, and illness symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Acute respiratory infection; Biomarker; Healthy adults; IP-10; Viral pathogens

PMID:
28334685
PMCID:
PMC5408957
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcv.2017.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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