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J Cardiogr. 1986 Mar;16(1):105-13.

[Mitral regurgitation due to ruptured chordae tendineae: sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria by two-dimensional echocardiography].

[Article in Japanese]


The sensitivity and specificity of the two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic criteria for diagnosing ruptured mitral chordae tendineae (RCT) were assessed in 52 cases with non-rheumatic mitral regurgitation undergoing mitral valve prostheses. At surgery, chordal rupture was confirmed in 38 cases (RCT group), but not in 14 cases (non-RCT group). Four presumptive and three definite findings for diagnosing mitral chordal rupture using 2D echo were evaluated. Mitral valve prolapse with incomplete coaptation of the mitral leaflets in the long-axis view was observed in 32 cases in the RCT group and in four cases in the non-RCT group (sensitivity 84%, specificity 80%). In the short-axis view at the level of the mitral orifice, delayed closure of the involved mitral leaflet was observed in four cases in the RCT group but in none of the non-RCT group (sensitivity 11%, specificity 100%), delayed protodiastolic opening of the involved leaflet in 15 cases of the RCT group and in one of the non-RCT group (sensitivity 39%, specificity 92%), and finally, increased excursion of the involved valve in 27 cases of the RCT group and in three cases of the non-RCT group (sensitivity 71%, specificity 79%). The following three echocardiographic findings were regarded as direct evidence of mitral chordal rupture: Fine echoes with abnormally rapid transverse and/or oblique motion around the mitral orifice in the short-axis view were observed in 13 cases of the RCT group (sensitivity 34%, specificity 100%); echoes with abnormal whip-like motion in the long-axis view in 10 cases (sensitivity 26%, specificity 100%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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