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See 1 citation in J Breast Cancer 2015:

J Breast Cancer. 2015 Mar;18(1):63-72. doi: 10.4048/jbc.2015.18.1.63. Epub 2015 Mar 27.

Effectiveness of Breast MRI and (18)F-FDG PET/CT for the Preoperative Staging of Invasive Lobular Carcinoma versus Ductal Carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.
2
Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Radiology, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We evaluated the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) for the preoperative staging of invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast and compared the results with those of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC).

METHODS:

The study included pathologically proven 32 ILCs and 73 IDCs. We compared clinical and histopathological characteristics and the diagnostic performances of MRI and (18)F-FDG PET/CT for the primary mass, additional ipsilateral and/or contralateral lesion(s), and axillary lymph node metastasis between the ILC and IDC groups.

RESULTS:

Primary ILCs were greater in size, but demonstrated lower maximum standardized uptake values than IDCs. All primary masses were detected on MRI. The detection rate for ILCs (75.0%) was lower than that for IDCs (83.6%) on (18)F-FDG PET/CT, but the difference was not significant. For additional ipsilateral lesion(s), the sensitivities and specificities of MRI were 87.5% and 58.3% for ILC and 100.0% and 66.7% for IDC, respectively; whereas the sensitivities and specificities of (18)F-FDG PET/CT were 0% and 91.7% for ILC and 37.5% and 94.7% for IDC, respectively. The sensitivity of (18)F-FDG PET/CT for ipsilateral lesion(s) was significantly lower in the ILC group than the IDC group. The sensitivity for ipsilateral lesion(s) was significantly higher with MRI; however, specificity was higher with (18)F-FDG PET/CT in both tumor groups. There was no significant difference in the diagnostic performance for additional contralateral lesion(s) or axillary lymph node metastasis on MRI or (18)F-FDG PET/CT for ILC versus IDC.

CONCLUSION:

The MRI and (18)F-FDG PET/CT detection rates for the primary cancer do not differ between the ILC and IDC groups. Although (18)F-FDG PET/CT demonstrates lower sensitivity for primary and additional ipsilateral lesions, it shows higher specificity for additional ipsilateral lesions, and could play a complementary role in the staging of ILC as well as IDC.

KEYWORDS:

18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography; Breast; Ductal carcinoma; Lobular carcinoma; Magnetic resonance imaging

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