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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Oct;14(10):2632-8.

Improved acidosis correction and recovery of mesothelial cell mass with neutral-pH bicarbonate dialysis solution among children undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis.

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Children's Hospital, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.


Acid-base balance and peritoneal membrane longevity are of utmost relevance for pediatric patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). PD fluids with neutral pH and reduced glucose degradation product contents are considered more biocompatible, because they preserve peritoneal cell functions in vitro. To investigate the clinical effects of a novel PD fluid buffered with 34 mM pure bicarbonate at neutral pH, a randomized, prospective, crossover comparison with conventional, acidic, 35 mM lactate PD fluid was performed for two consecutive 12-wk periods with 28 children (age, 6 mo to 15 yr) undergoing automated PD (APD). Blood bicarbonate levels and arterial pH were significantly higher after 3 mo of bicarbonate PD (24.6 +/- 2.3 mM and 7.43 +/- 0.06, respectively), compared with lactate PD (22.8 +/- 3.9 mM and 7.38 +/- 0.05, respectively; P < 0.05). This effect was reversible among patients who returned from bicarbonate to lactate fluid. Low initial pH and young patient age independently predicted increased blood pH during bicarbonate APD. Peritoneal equilibration tests revealed subtle changes in solute transport, with a less steep creatinine equilibration curve during bicarbonate dialysis, suggesting reduced peritoneal vasodilation. The peritoneal release of carcinogen antigen-125 increased twofold during bicarbonate APD (29 +/- 15 versus 15 +/- 8 U/ml per 4 h, P < 0.01), which is consistent with recovery of the mesothelial cell layer. This effect was fully reversed when the patients returned to lactate fluid. Effluent carcinogen antigen-125 levels were inversely correlated with peritoneal glucose exposure during lactate but not bicarbonate APD, indicating improved in vivo mesothelial cell tolerance of high-dose glucose with the neutral-pH PD fluid with reduced glucose degradation product content. Among children undergoing APD, neutral-pH, bicarbonate-buffered PD fluid provides more effective correction of metabolic acidosis and better preservation of peritoneal cell mass than do conventional, acidic, lactate-based fluids.

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