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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Sep 30;187(3):1270-8.

Isolation and characterization of conglutinin as an influenza A virus inhibitor.

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1
Department of Pathology, Osaka University, Japan.

Abstract

Normal horse and guinea pig sera contain alpha 2-macroglobulin which inhibits the infectivity and hemagglutinating activity of influenza A viruses of the H2 and H3 subtypes. On the other hand, normal bovine serum contains a component termed beta inhibitor that inhibits the infectivity and hemagglutinating activity of influenza A viruses of the H1 and H3 subtypes. To investigate the nature of the beta inhibitor of influenza A virus, we purified the conglutinin and examined its characteristics. First, we found a high correlation between the hemagglutination inhibition(HI) titer and conglutinin titer in several bovine sera (r = 0.906, p less than 0.005). The HI of bovine serum was mainly dependent on conglutinin because the HI activity was abrogated by N-acetylglucosamine but not by D-mannose. The conglutinin, purified from bovine serum, had neutralizing-activity as well as HI activity on influenza A viruses of the H1 and H3 subtypes. The HI activity of conglutinin was heat stable (56 degrees C, 30 min), Ca(++)-dependent, and resistant to both neuraminidase and periodate treatments. The HI activity of purified conglutinin was blocked by N-acetylglucosamine but not by D-mannose. The conglutinin was bound to hemagglutinin which had high mannose and complex sugar chains and its binding was inhibited by N-acetylglucosamine and dependent on divalent cations. These data indicate that the beta-like inhibitor activity of bovine serum is mainly dependent on conglutinin which inhibits hemagglutination and neutralizes the virus infectivity by its binding to a carbohydrate site at the HA.

PMID:
1417803
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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