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See 1 citation in Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2015:

Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2015;85(3-4):112-8. doi: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000230.

Dyspepsia is Associated with Low Protein and Caloric Intake among End-Stage Renal Disease Patients.

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1 School of Medicine, Sobral Campus, Federal University of Ceará, Brazil.
2 Dialysis Unit, Santa Casa Hospital, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.



Dyspepsia is highly prevalent and easily assessed in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and is not a traditional predictor of malnutrition. We sought to establish an association between dyspeptic symptoms and nutritional status in ESRD patients undergoing maintenance HD.


We studied 106 ESRD patients on HD. Dyspepsia was assessed through the Porto Alegre Dyspeptic Symptoms Questionnaire (PADYQ). Scores equal to or greater than 6 classified patients as dyspeptic. Nutritional status was evaluated using serum chemistry, total body mass, muscle mass, and dietary intake. Nutritional status was compared between dyspeptic and non-dyspeptic patients. The association of PADYQ scores and the presence of dyspepsia with nutritional variables were tested. Multivariate analysis was performed to test dyspepsia as an independent predictor for dietary intake.


There were 41 (38.7 %) dyspeptics. Protein intake (g/kg/day) and calorie intake (kcal/kg/day) were lower among dyspeptics compared to non-dyspeptics, 1.0 ± 0.5 vs 1.3 ± 0.5 (p = 0.01) and 23.0 ± 9.2 vs 27.4 ± 10.0 (p = 0.02), respectively. More dyspeptics than non-dyspeptics presenting protein-energy wasting based on protein and calorie intake, 41.4 vs 15.3 % (p = 0.01) and 68.2 vs 38.4 % (p = 0.02), respectively. PAQYQ score was negatively correlated with protein intake (r = - 0.20; p = 0.03) and calorie intake (r = - 0.19; p = 0.04). Dyspepsia was able to predict protein (b = - 0.26; p = 0.01) and calorie (b = - 4.42; p = 0.02) intake.


Dyspepsia is associated with low protein and calorie intake. Screening of dyspeptic symptoms can be routinely performed aiming to improve HD patients' nutritional status.


dietary intake; dyspepsia; end-stage renal disease; hemodialysis; nutrition; protein-energy wasting

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