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Int J Artif Organs. 1995 Nov;18(11):716-21.

Monitoring sodium removal and delivered dialysis by conductivity.

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1
Department of Nephrology, Ospedale di Lecco, Italy.

Abstract

As cardiovascular stability and the delivery of the prescribed dialysis "dose" seem to be the main factors in determining the morbidity and mortality of hemodialyzer patients today, it is of paramount importance to match hydro-sodium removal with interdialytic load and to verify the delivered dialysis at each session. A specially designed Biofeedback Module (BM--COT Hospal) allows the automatic determination of plasma water conductivity and effective ionic dialysance with no need for blood samples. Using BM, we evaluated the validity of "conductivity kinetic modelling" (CKM) and the possibility that this may substitute "sodium kinetic modelling". Moreover, we evaluated the "in vivo" relationship between ionic dialysance and effective urea clearance. Our results demonstrate that: 1) CKM makes it possible to obtain programmed end-dialysis plasma water conductivity with an error of less than +/- 0.14 mS/cm, roughly equivalent to a sodium concentration of +/- 1.4 mEq/L. 2). Ionic dialysance and effective urea clearance are not equivalent but, as the interrelationship between these is known, the BM allows the routine monitoring of delivered dialysis.

PMID:
8964634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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