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Eur J Breast Health. 2018 Apr 1;14(2):105-111. doi: 10.5152/ejbh.2018.3724. eCollection 2018 Apr.

Impact of Personality Traits, Anxiety, Depression and Hopelessness Levels on Quality of Life in the Patients with Breast Cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
2
Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
3
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
4
Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Taksim Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
5
Department of Nucleer Medicine, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
6
Department of Psyhiatry, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
7
Department of Onchology, İstanbul Bilim University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
8
Department of General Surgery, İstanbul Biruni University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
9
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, İstanbul Biruni University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
10
Department of Onchology, İstanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
11
Department of Radiology, Gayrettepe Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
12
Department of Radiology, İstanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
13
Department of Pathology, İstanbul Biruni University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
14
Department of Psychology, İstanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
15
Department of Psychology, Gayrettepe Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
16
Department of Internal Medicine, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
17
Department of General Surgery, İstanbul University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of personality traits, anxiety, depression and hopelessness levels on quality of life in the patients with breast cancer.

Materials and methods:

The study was performed on 90 patients diagnosed with breast cancer and 90 healthy women. Sociodemographic and Clinical Data Collection Form designed by us, Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Anxiety Scale (BAS), Beck Depression Scale (BDS), Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) and Quality of Life Scale-Short Form (SF-36) were administered to patients and to control group.

Results:

The patients with breast cancer were found to indicate higher levels of anxiety and depression, lower levels of quality of life, and higher scores of personality inventory subscales as compared to the healthy control group. In the patient group, it was identified that the quality of life subscale scores were found to be negatively correlated with anxiety, depression, hopelessness and neurotic personality scores; there was a positive correlation between neurotic personality scores and depression, anxiety and hopelessness scores.

Conclusions:

It can be concluded that the breast cancer patients with extraversion personality traits have lower levels of anxiety and depression, keeping their quality of life better, whereas the patients with higher neuroticism scores may have more impaired quality of life. Therefore, the psychiatric evaluation of the breast cancer patients during and after the treatment cannot be ruled out.

KEYWORDS:

Breast cancer; anxiety; depression; personality; quality of life

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

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