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J Histochem Cytochem. 2008 Mar;56(3):243-52. Epub 2007 Nov 26.

Immunolocalization of a novel collectin CL-K1 in murine tissues.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunochemistry, Asahikawa Medical College, 2-1-1-1Midorigaoka-Higashi, Asahikawa 078-8510, Japan.


We have recently identified a novel collectin, CL-K1, that may play a role in innate immunity as a member of the collectin family. In this study using mice, we investigated the tissue distribution of CL-K1 for better understanding of its pathophysiological relevance. Real-time PCR analyses demonstrated that CL-K1 mRNA was expressed in all tissues tested. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that CL-K1 was expressed in proximal tubules of kidney, in mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, and in bronchial glands of bronchioles similar to the localization of SP-A and SP-D in these pulmonary structures. Immunohistochemistry also showed that CL-K1 was highly expressed in hepatocytes around the central veins in liver, which suggests that murine CL-K1 may be mainly produced in the liver and secreted into the blood stream as is human CL-K1. CL-K1 was especially detected in vascular smooth muscle in several types of tissues. In addition, it was also expressed in intestinal Paneth cells, in mesangial cells of kidney, in pancreatic islet D cells, and in neurons of the brain. It is of interest that this profile of CL-K1 expression is unique among the collectins. Together these histological findings may be useful for understanding the biological function of this novel collectin.

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