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Immunobiology. 2013 Feb;218(2):152-8. doi: 10.1016/j.imbio.2012.02.010. Epub 2012 Feb 17.

CD226 interaction with CD155 impacts on retention and negative selection of CD8 positive thymocytes as well as T cell differentiation to follicular helper cells in Peyer's Patches.

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Institute of Immunology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.


The immunoglobulin-like glycoprotein CD226 represents a receptor activating cytotoxic T and NK cells taking part in tumour surveillance. In addition, CD226 is involved in the differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells into effector cells. CD155 that is widely over-expressed on tumour cells, was identified as a counter-receptor of CD226 rendering many cancer cells sensitive to NK driven elimination. However, CD155 was also assigned a role in the establishment of follicular helper T cells in the small intestine and the final maturation of CD8 positive thymocytes. Here we show that mice lacking CD226 are distinguished by virtually identical phenotypes as already reported for CD155 deficient mice: a paucity of follicular helper T cells in Peyer's Patches and of terminally matured CD8 T cells in thymus. Moreover, like CD155, CD226 is involved in negative selection of CD8 thymocytes. These observations establish a firm link between the functions of CD155 and CD226 in several T cell differentiation steps.

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