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Images Paediatr Cardiol. 2000 Apr;2(2):24-40.

Categorisation of ventricular septal defects: review of the perimembranous morphology.

Author information

1
Senior Research Technician, Institute of Child Health, University College London, Cardiac Unit, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH.

Abstract

The Association for European Paediatric Cardiology, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery, have recently published detailed hierarchical listings for the description of ventricular septal defects. This review details the anatomic basis for the European codes, illustrating the phenotypic features of the various holes that can be described as perimembranous ventricular septal defects.

KEYWORDS:

Heart defects; Heart septal defects; Heart ventricle/pathology; Heart ventricles/abnormalities; congenital; ventricular

PMID:
22368580
PMCID:
PMC3232482

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