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Crit Rev Microbiol. 2015;41(3):374-88. doi: 10.3109/1040841X.2013.856853. Epub 2014 Feb 4.

Tinea pedis: the etiology and global epidemiology of a common fungal infection.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cukurova , Adana , Turkey and.

Abstract

Tinea pedis, which is a dermatophytic infection of the feet, can involve the interdigital web spaces or the sides of the feet and may be a chronic or recurring condition. The most common etiological agents are anthropophiles, including Trichophyton rubrum sensu stricto, which is the most common, followed by Trichophyton interdigitale and Epidermophyton floccosum. There has been a change in this research arena, necessitating a re-evaluation of our knowledge on the topic from a multidisciplinary perspective. Thus, this review aimed to provide a solid overview of the current status and changing patterns of tinea pedis. The second half of the twentieth century witnessed a global increase in tinea pedis and a clonal spread of one major etiologic agent, T. rubrum. This phenomenon is likely due to increases in urbanization and the use of sports and fitness facilities, the growing prevalence of obesity and the aging population. For optimal patient care and management, the diagnosis of tinea pedis should be verified by microbiological analysis. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology, clinical forms, complications and mycological characteristics of tinea pedis and we highlight the pathogenesis, prevention and control parameters of this infection.

KEYWORDS:

Dermatophyte; Trichophyton rubrum; epidemiology

PMID:
24495093
DOI:
10.3109/1040841X.2013.856853
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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