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Exp Hematol. 1998 Jul;26(7):604-11.

Addition of a bone marrow "facilitating cell" population increases stem cell-derived cobblestone area formation in impaired long-term bone marrow culture stroma.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

Treatment of mouse bone marrow (BM) with rabbit anti-mouse brain serum (RAMBS) plus complement (C') depletes several cell types, including T cells and facilitating cells (FCs), that is, cells that facilitate engraftment of sorted allogeneic stem cells (SCs) in vivo. In the present study, treatment of BM with RAMBS+C' resulted in the depletion of approximately half of the late cobblestone area (CA)-forming stem cells as assayed on irradiated long-term bone marrow culture (LTBMC) stroma. In addition, LTBMC of RAMBS+C'-treated BM produced functionally impaired stroma with reduced ability to support CA formation by nontreated exogenous SCs. This stromal impairment was not due to depletion of TCRalphabeta T cells in the BM, because BM cultures from TCR alpha-chain knockout mice supported normal numbers of exogenous CAs. Because CD8+/TCR- cells are enriched for FCs, we tested the effect of adding these cells back to the treated BM prior to culture. The sorted FCs alone did not produce CAs, but did improve the ability of the impaired stroma to support late CA formation by sorted SCs. These studies provide a new model for dissecting the roles of different cellular components of BM in producing functional stroma that supports CA formation by SCs, and show that the number of CAs formed depends on the "quality" of the stroma as well as the number of SCs seeded. These findings further suggest that CD8+/TCR- BM cells may be important for the establishment of functional stroma.

PMID:
9657135
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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