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FEBS Lett. 2006 May 29;580(13):3257-62. Epub 2006 May 6.

Identification of TNF-alpha-responsive NF-kappaB p65-binding element in the distal promoter of the mouse serine protease inhibitor SerpinE2.

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Division of Pathogenic Biochemistry, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.


Serine protease inhibitor SerpinE2 is known as a cytokine-inducible gene. Here, we investigated whether tumor necrosis factor alpha-(TNF-alpha)-induced expression of SerpinE2 is mediated by the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) p65 subunit. Both steady state and TNF-alpha-induced expression of SerpinE2 mRNA were abrogated in p65-/- murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Reconstitution with wild-type p65 rescued SerpinE2 mRNA expression in an IkappaB kinase beta-dependent manner. Electrophoresis mobility shift assay and ChIP assay demonstrated that p65 bound to the kappaB-like DNA sequence located at approximately -9 kbp in the SerpinE2 promoter. In addition, TNF-alpha stimulated luciferase gene expression driven by the kappaB-like element in the reconstituted MEFs, but not in p65-/- MEFs. These results indicated that activation of NF-kappaB p65 plays an important role in TNF-alpha-induced expression of SerpinE2.

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