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Leuk Lymphoma. 2014 Jan;55(1):136-42. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2013.793324. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

IRF8 is associated with germinal center B-cell-like type of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and exceptionally involved in translocation t(14;16)(q32.33;q24.1).

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Institute of Surgical Pathology, University Hospital Zurich , Zurich , Switzerland.


Chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin loci represent frequent oncogenic events in B-cell lymphoma development. Although IRF8 (ICSBP-1) protein expression has been demonstrated in germinal center B-cells and related lymphomas in a single report, the IRF8 gene was not described as an immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) translocation partner. In a discovery-driven approach we searched for new translocation partners of IGH in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by long distance inverse polymerase chain reaction (LDI-PCR) and Sanger sequencing. A t(14;16)(q32.33;q24.1) IGH/IRF8 was detected in a CD5+de novo DLBCL, confirmed by translocation specific PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. No further IRF8 aberration could be identified either by LDI-PCR in an additional five CD5+DLBCLs or by FISH on 78 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies. Subsequent screening for IRF8 by immunohistochemistry revealed IRF8 expression in 18/78 (23%), correlating with a germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) type of DLBCL. This hitherto unknown translocation t(14;16)(q32.33;q24.1) is likely to represent the initiator of a multistep lymphomagenesis in a CD5+de novo DLBCL.

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