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Hear Res. 2000 Apr;142(1-2):41-55.

Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor has a dose dependent influence on noise-induced hearing loss in the guinea pig cochlea.

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Kresge Hearing Research Institute, The University of Michigan, 1301 East Ann Street, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.


We examined the effectiveness of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to attenuate cochlear damage from intense noise stress. Subjects were exposed to 115 dB SPL one octave band noise centered at 4 kHz for 5 h. They received artificial perilymph with or without GDNF into the left scala tympani at 0.5 microliter/h from 4 days before noise exposure through 8 days following noise exposure. Different concentrations of GDNF (1 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml, 100 ng/ml, and 1 microgram/ml) were applied chronically directly into the guinea pig cochlea via a microcannula and osmotic pump. Noise-induced hearing loss was assessed with pure tone auditory brainstem responses (at 2, 4, 8 and 20 kHz), measured prior to surgery, 1 day before noise exposure, and 7 days following noise exposure. Subjects were killed on day 8 following exposure for histological preparation and quantitative assessment of hair cell (HC) damage. A dose-dependent protective effect of GDNF on both sensory cell preservation and hearing function was found in the treated ears. At 1 ng/ml, GDNF showed no significant protection; at 10 ng/ml, GDNF showed significant HC protection; and at 100ng/ml, it was greater and bilateral. At 1 microgram/ml, GDNF appeared to have a toxic effect under noise stress in some cochleae. These findings indicate that GDNF at certain concentrations can effectively protect the inner ear from noise-induced hearing loss.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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