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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jun 15;284(3):714-22.

A hematopoietic-specific transmembrane protein, Art-1, is possibly regulated by AML1.

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Department of Hematology/Oncology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.


The functions of AML1 in hematopoietic differentiation are repressed by AML1-mutants including the AML1/ETO chimeric protein, which is seen in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia. Erythroid progenitors of the patients with t(8;21) AML expressed AML1/ETO. To investigate the effect of AML1/ETO in erythroid cells, we made a tetracycline-regulated AML1/ETO overexpression system in mouse erythroleukemic (MEL) cells. Enforced AML1/ETO repressed the terminal erythroid differentiation. Furthermore, we performed representational difference analysis using this MEL cell system to clone the downstream targets of AML1 in erythroid cell differentiation. We cloned a novel transmembrane protein, Art-1 (AML1-regulated transmembrane protein 1), which is a member of tetramembrane spanning superfamily. Art-1 expression was restricted in hematopoietic cells. It was upregulated by AML1 and downregulated by AML1/ETO in both erythroid and myeloid cells, and increased during erythroid cell differentiation. Art-1 may play an important role in the differentiation of erythroid cells, possibly as a direct downstream target of AML1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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