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Clin Cancer Res. 2001 Mar;7(3 Suppl):822s-829s.

Genetic approach to insight into the immunobiology of human dendritic cells and identification of CD84-H1, a novel CD84 homologue.

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Department of Immunology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.


To better understand the immunobiology of dendritic cells (DCs), we took the expressed sequence tag (EST) approach to describe their transcript profile and discovered novel genes. ESTs (n = 25,668) were generated from monocyte-derived DCs, and 15,863 ESTs (61.8%) represented unique genes in GenBank. Integration of ESTs allowed for the generation of a profile of 4,367 known genes and identification of > 100 novel genes. HLA-DR invariant chain p33, cathepsin D, HLA-DR alpha chain, beta2-microglobulin, HLA-DP beta chain, CD11a, and mannose receptor were in the top 30 transcripts, and 451 known genes were potentially associated with the immunobiology of DCs. This transcript profile was consistent with the unique antigen-presenting capacity of DCs and provided invaluable information to better understand the immunobiology of DCs. On the basis of the EST database, a full-length novel gene was identified that exhibited close homology with CD84; it was designated CD84-H1. The full-length cDNA of CD84-H1 contained an open reading frame of 870 bp encoding a type I transmembrane protein of 289 amino acids. Consistent with the structural feature of the CD2 family, the predicted 270-amino acid mature protein of CD84-H1 contained two extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains that shared homology with CD2 family members, e.g., CD84, Ly-9, CD48, and signaling lymphocyte activation molecule. Its intracellular domain was short and contained no putative signaling structure. Northern blot analysis revealed that CD84-H1 expression was predominantly restricted in hematopoietic tissues. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis showed that it was widely expressed in the immune cells, including monocytes, DCs, B cells, and T cells. These data indicate that CD84-H1 may be relevant to immune responses.

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