Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct;67(10):1066-71. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.149. Epub 2013 Aug 14.

Nutrient intake in the GEICO multicenter trial: the effects of a multicomponent worksite intervention.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Research, Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effects on macro- and micronutrient intake of a nutrition intervention program in corporate settings across the United States.

SUBJECTS/METHODS:

Two hundred and ninety-two individuals who were overweight or had type 2 diabetes were recruited from 10 sites of a US insurance company. Two hundred and seventy-one participants completed baseline diet recalls, and 183 participants completed dietary recalls at 18 weeks. Sites were randomly assigned to an intervention group (five sites) or to a control group (five sites) for 18 weeks. At intervention sites, participants were asked to follow a low-fat vegan diet and attend weekly group meetings. At control sites, participants continued their usual diets. At baseline and 18 weeks, participants completed 2-day diet recalls. Between-group differences in changes in nutrient intake were assessed using an analysis of covariance.

RESULTS:

Compared with those in the control group, intervention-group participants significantly reduced the reported intake of total fat (P=0.02), saturated (P=0.006) and monounsaturated fats (P=0.01), cholesterol (P=0.009), protein (P=0.03) and calcium (P=0.02), and increased the intake of carbohydrate (P=0.006), fiber (P=0.002), β-carotene (P=0.01), vitamin C (P=0.003), magnesium (P=0.04) and potassium (P=0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

An 18-week intervention program in a corporate setting reduces intake of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol and increases the intake of protective nutrients, particularly fiber, β-carotene, vitamin C, magnesium and potassium. The reduction in calcium intake indicates the need for planning for this nutrient.

PMID:
23942177
PMCID:
PMC3790252
DOI:
10.1038/ejcn.2013.149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center