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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2001 Feb;48(2):96-108.

Diverse regulation of microfilament assembly, production of TNF-alpha, and reactive oxygen intermediates by actin modulating substances and inhibitors of ADP-ribosylation in human monocytes stimulated with LPS.

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1
Institute of Zoology, Department of Immunobiology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent activator of human monocytes, induced F-actin polymerization in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. To test whether cytoskeletal events participate in the control of the LPS-induced ROI and TNF-alpha production, three natural occurring actin-modulating substances, cytochalasin D (Cyt D), latrunculin B (Lat B), and jasplakinolide (JK), were used. Here we show that treatment of monocytes with Cyt D, Lat B, or JK led to a rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton, which upon addition of LPS was further modified. Cyt D and Lat B induced generation of ROI in the absence of LPS and enhanced the LPS-triggered respiratory burst. JK also proved to be a potent activator of ROI-production but only in the presence of LPS. TNF-alpha production was hardly affected by the three substances. There was no correlation between a specific state of Cyt D-, Lat B-, or JK-modified actin polymerization and ROI-production. Inhibitors of ADP-ribosylation proved to be activators of F-actin polymerization. They were shown to prevent ROI- and TNF-alpha production and to reduce the capability of LPS to mediate maximal F-actin assembly. At concentrations at which inhibition was greatest, maximal blockage of ROI and TNF-alpha production was observed. These findings may argue for a role of ADP-ribosylation in the transduction pathways mediating the biological responses, with involvement in the assembly of actin-containing cytoskeletal microfilaments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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