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J Autism Dev Disord. 2013 May;43(5):1140-50. doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1655-0.

From action to interaction: exploring the contribution of body motion cues to social understanding in typical development and in autism spectrum disorders.

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1
Equipe Développement et Pathologie de l'Action, Laboratoire Neurosciences Intégratives and Adaptatives, Université de Provence and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Case B, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 03, France.

Abstract

Two studies investigated whether typically developing children (TD) and children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were able to decide whether two characters were communicating or not on the basis of point-light displays. Point-lights portrayed actors engaged or not in a social interaction. In study 1, TD children (4-10 years old; n = 36) grasped social intentions from body language, with a notable improvement around 7/8. In study 2, children with ASD (6-12 years old; n = 12) could categorize the point-light displays at above-chance levels, but performed less efficiently, especially for the social interaction displays, than TD children (matched to chronological and non-verbal mental age, 6-12 years old; n = 24). An action representation deficit is discussed in relation to a social representation deficit and it is suggested that these deficits might be linked to altered maturational process of the mirror system in ASD.

PMID:
23008056
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-012-1655-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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