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Eat Behav. 2014 Aug;15(3):478-82. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.06.003. Epub 2014 Jun 18.

Food cravings, food intake, and weight status in a community-based sample.

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Yale University School of Nursing, Orange, CT, United States. Electronic address:
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States; Yale Stress Center, New Haven, CT, United States.


The aims of this study were to 1) determine the relationships between BMI and the frequency of food cravings for different categories of foods, 2) examine the associations between cravings for different types of foods and self-reported, habitual intake of these foods, and 3) assess how these relationships differ by BMI. Six hundred and forty-six participants (55.7% female; 66.4% White; mean age 29.5±9.1 years; mean BMI 27.3±5.5 kg/m(2)) completed a comprehensive assessment battery including the Food Craving Inventory (FCI) and a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). There was a significant positive relationship between BMI and food cravings. There were significant positive associations of cravings for sweets, high fats, carbohydrates/starches, and fast-food fats on respective intake of these types of foods; however, there were no significant interactions between food cravings and BMI on the respective type of food intake. This study indicates significant positive relationships between specific categories of food cravings and habitual intake of those foods.


Food cravings; Food intake; Nutrition; Obesity

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