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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2007 Aug;50(2):142-54.

Flavin adenine dinucleotide may release preformed stores of nitrosyl factors from the vascular endothelium of conscious rats.

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Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-7389, USA.


This study determined whether flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) may elicit vasodilation in conscious rats via release of preformed endothelium-derived nitrosyl factors. Injections 1-6 (inj(1-6)) of FAD (2.5 micromol/kg, IV) elicited pronounced and equivalent vasodilator responses in saline-treated rats. Inj(1) of FAD elicited pronounced vasodilation in L-NAME-treated rats pretreated with the nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME; 50 micromol/kg, IV), whereas Inj(2-6) elicited progressively smaller responses such that inj(6) elicited minor responses. The vasodilator responses elicited by the endothelium-dependent agonist, acetylcholine, were markedly attenuated in L-NAME-treated rats that had received inj(1-6) of FAD but not in saline-treated rats that had received inj(1-6) of FAD. The vasodilator actions of L-S-nitrosocysteine and the NO donor, sodium nitroprusside, were not diminished after the injections of FAD in saline- or in L-NAME-treated rats. Binding studies demonstrated that the densities of muscarinic M3 receptors were increased in thoracic aorta endothelium of rats treated with L-NAME + inj(1-6) of saline or L-NAME + inj(1-6) of FAD as compared to rats treated with saline + inj(1-6) of saline or saline + inj(1-6) of FAD. The progressive loss of response to injections of FAD in L-NAME-treated rats coupled with the loss of response to acetylcholine suggests that FAD elicits the use-dependent depletion of vesicular pools of nitrosyl factors in endothelial cells that cannot be replenished in the absence of NO synthesis.

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