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J Cyst Fibros. 2017 Jul;16(4):465-470. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2017.04.002. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

Feasibility and normal values of an integrated conductivity (Nanoduct™) sweat test system in healthy newborns.

Author information

1
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland.
2
Division of Paediatric Pulmonology and CF Centre, Children's Hospital of Eastern Switzerland, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
3
Neonatal Unit, Department of Gynaecology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland.
4
Department of Gynaecology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland.
5
Division of Paediatric Pulmonology and CF Centre, Children's Hospital of Eastern Switzerland, St. Gallen, Switzerland. Electronic address: juerg.barben@kispisg.ch.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nanoduct™ is a simple and practical sweat analysis system measuring conductivity in situ. It requires only three microlitres of sweat, making it especially applicable to newborns.

METHODS:

We measured conductivity in 260 healthy term infants at the age of four days, and again at four weeks to determine the proportion of successful tests, test duration, and normal values for sweat conductivity in newborns.

RESULTS:

Sufficient sweat was collected in 159/260 of four-day olds (61%), and in 225/239 of four-week olds (94%). Mean (sd) test duration was 27 (5) and 25 (5) min. Mean (sd, range) conductivity was 53mmol/l (16, 8-114) at age four days, and 36 (9, 12-64) at four weeks.

CONCLUSIONS:

Determination of sweat conductivity using Nanoduct™ cannot be recommended for four-day old newborns. However, at the age of four weeks the success rate is high (94%), and conductivity values at that age are comparable to older healthy children.

KEYWORDS:

Conductivity; Cystic fibrosis; Newborn screening; Sweat test

PMID:
28442278
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcf.2017.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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