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Blood. 2005 Sep 15;106(6):2033-41. Epub 2005 Jun 7.

Fas signal links innate and adaptive immunity by promoting dendritic-cell secretion of CC and CXC chemokines.

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Institute of Immunology, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiangyin Rd, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China.


Dendritic cells (DCs) and chemokines are important in linking innate and adaptive immunity. We previously reported that Fas ligation induced interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta)-dependent maturation and IL-1beta-independent survival of DCs, with extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathways involved, respectively. We describe here that Fas ligation induced DCs to rapidly produce both CXC and CC chemokines, including macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2), MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted), and TARC (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine), resulting in enhanced chemoattraction of neutrophils and T cells by Fas-ligated DCs in vivo or by its supernatant in vitro. These chemokines work synergistically in chemoattraction of neutrophils and T cells with MIP-2 more important for neutrophils, MIP-1alpha and TARC more important for T cells. Moreover, Fas-ligated DCs increased endocytosis by neutrophils and activation and proliferation of antigen-specific naive T cells. Fas ligation-induced DC secretion of chemokines involves Ras/Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/ERK activation and is ERK, but not NF-kappaB, dependent. Activation of caspases, including caspase 1, but not IL-1 autocrine action, is involved in this process. These data indicate that Fas signaling provides a key link between innate response and adaptive immunity by promoting DC chemokine production.

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