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J Adolesc. 2016 Jun;49:19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.02.009. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Family functioning and adolescent alcohol use: A moderated mediation analysis.

Author information

1
Children's Center for Community Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, 282 Washington Street, Hartford, CT 06106, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032, USA. Electronic address: COhannessian@connecticutchildrens.org.
2
Children's Center for Community Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, 282 Washington Street, Hartford, CT 06106, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020, Storrs, CT 06269-1020, USA.
3
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Rd., Unit 1058, Storrs, CT 06269-1058, USA.

Abstract

The primary goals of this longitudinal study were to examine the relationship between family functioning and adolescent alcohol use and to examine whether depressed mood mediates this relationship. An additional goal was to explore whether these relations were moderated by gender. The sample included 1031 high school students from the Mid-Atlantic United States. Participants completed surveys in school during the spring of 2007, 2008, and 2009. Path analysis results indicated that family functioning predicted alcohol use for girls. Moreover, depressed mood mediated this relationship. None of the direct paths between family functioning and adolescent alcohol use were significant for boys. However, similar to girls, depressed mood negatively predicted alcohol use for boys. Taken together, the findings highlight the need for prevention programs targeting adolescent substance use to consider gender-specific trajectories.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Alcohol; Depression; Family; Substance use

PMID:
26994346
PMCID:
PMC5815172
DOI:
10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.02.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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