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Int J Colorectal Dis. 2014 Oct;29(10):1275-84. doi: 10.1007/s00384-014-1947-2. Epub 2014 Jul 2.

Factors associated with technical difficulties and adverse events of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection: retrospective exploratory factor analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort.

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Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, 1-3-3 Nakamichi, Higashinari-ku, Osaka, 537-8511, Japan,



Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (C-ESD) is a promising but challenging procedure. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with technical difficulties (failure of en bloc resection and procedure time, ≥2 h) and adverse events (perforation and bleeding) of C-ESD.


We conducted a retrospective exploratory factor analysis of a prospectively collected cohort in 15 institutions. Eight-hundred sixteen colorectal neoplasms larger than 20 mm from patients who underwent C-ESD were included. We assessed the outcomes of C-ESD and risk factors for technical difficulties and adverse events.


Of the 816 lesions, 767 (94 %) were resected en bloc, with a median procedure time of 78 min. Perforation occurred in 2.1 % and bleeding in 2.2 %. Independent factors associated with failure of en bloc resection were low-volume center (<30 neoplasms), snare use, and poor lifting after submucosal injection. Factors significantly associated with long procedure time (≥2 h) were large tumor size (≥4 cm), low-volume center, less-experienced endoscopist, CO2 insufflation, and use of two or more endoknives. Poor lifting was the only factor significantly associated with perforation, whereas rectal lesion and lack of a thin-type endoscope were factors significantly associated with bleeding. Poor lifting after submucosal injection occurred more frequently for nongranular-type laterally spreading tumors (LST) and for protruding and recurrent lesions than for granular-type LST (LST-G).


Poor lifting after submucosal injection was the risk factor most frequently associated with technical difficulties and adverse events on C-ESD. Less experienced endoscopists should start by performing C-ESDs on LST-G lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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