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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 May;91(5):620-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01376.x.

Factors associated with complications and conversion to laparotomy in women undergoing laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify risk factors for complications and conversion to laparotomy in women undergoing laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH).

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral hospital.

POPULATION:

All 2012 consecutive women who underwent LAVH for non-malignant diseases in a single institution.

METHODS:

Retrospective study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Operative complications and conversion to laparotomy.

RESULTS:

Most of the LAVHs were successful, but conversion to laparotomy was required in 97 women (4.8%) because of pelvic adhesion (n= 71), large uterine size (n= 18) or bowel injury (n= 8). There were 45 women (2.2%) with complications (bladder injury, 26; bowel injury, 9; vascular injury, 9; and ureteral injury, 1). A history of previous cesarean section (twice or more) was a significant risk factor for complications [odds ratio (OR) 3.38]. A body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) (OR 2.98), history of previous myomectomy (OR 6.19) and uterine weight ≥500 g (OR 3.24) independently influenced the risk of conversion to laparotomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Risk factors identified in this study include a history of previous cesarean section (twice or more) and myomectomy, body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2) and uterine weight ≥500 g. The findings may be useful in counseling women preoperatively about the potential complications of LAVH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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