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J Investig Med. 2008 Aug;56(6):858-63. doi: 10.2310/JIM.0b013e3181788d28.

Evaluation of risk factors and seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C in diabetic patients in Kutahya, Turkey.

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Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Kutahya State Hospital, Kutahya, Turkey.



To assess the prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses among Turkish patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus and to determine the risk factors affecting the prevalence in these patient groups.


This study included 630 diabetic and 314 nondiabetic patients. Serologic testing for anti-hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) and HbsAg was done using a third-generation commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and samples positive for anti-HCV and HbsAg were confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction assay. Diabetic patients were classified by HbsAg and anti-HCV status and were evaluated according to demographic features, diabetic characteristics and nondiabetic general risk factors, harmful habits, and aminotransferase (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) levels.


HbsAg and anti-HCV seropositivity rates were 5.1% and 3.2% in diabetic patients and were 3.8% and 1.3% in control group, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups with respect to either marker. Shared risk factors for both hepatitis infections were increased aminotransferase levels and history of hospital admission. In addition, long duration of diabetes mellitus, poor diabetic regulation, and insulin treatment usage were found to relate to HbsAg, whereas a history of blood transfusions and surgical procedures were found to associate with anti-HCV seropositivity.


We determined that hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections were slightly but not significantly higher in diabetic patients compared with a normal population. If it is considered that different results might be obtained in various countries or even in various regions of same country, it may be concluded that multicenter and comprehensive studies are needed to elucidate true infection rates and to identify other risk factors affecting the prevalence of these infections.

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