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BMC Nephrol. 2017 Nov 9;18(1):330. doi: 10.1186/s12882-017-0745-9.

Evaluating the effectiveness of IV iron dosing for anemia management in common clinical practice: results from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS).

Author information

1
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, 340 E. Huron, Suite 300, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104, USA. bruce.robinson@arborresearch.org.
2
University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. bruce.robinson@arborresearch.org.
3
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, 340 E. Huron, Suite 300, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104, USA.
4
Dialysezentrum Karlstrasse, Karlstraße 17-19, 40210, Düsseldorf, Germany.
5
University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.
6
Department of Nephrology, Alessandro Manzoni Hospital, Via dell'Eremo, 9/11, 23900, Lecco, LC, Italy.
7
Vifor Pharma, Flughofstrasse 61, 8152, Glattbrugg, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anemia management protocols in hemodialysis (HD) units differ conspicuously regarding optimal intravenous (IV) iron dosing; consequently, patients receive markedly different cumulative exposures to IV iron and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Complementary to IV iron safety studies, our goal was to gain insight into optimal IV iron dosing by estimating the effects of IV iron doses on Hgb, TSAT, ferritin, and ESA dose in common clinical practice.

METHODS:

9,471 HD patients (11 countries, 2009-2011) in the DOPPS, a prospective cohort study, were analyzed. Associations of IV iron dose (3-month average, categorized as 0, <300, ≥300 mg/month) with 3-month change in Hgb, TSAT, ferritin, and ESA dose were evaluated using adjusted GEE models.

RESULTS:

Relative change: Monotonically positive associations between IV iron dose and Hgb, TSAT, and ferritin change, and inverse associations with ESA dose change, were observed across multiple strata of prior Hgb, TSAT, and ferritin levels. Absolute change: TSAT, ferritin, and ESA dose changes were nearest zero with IV iron <300 mg/month, rather than 0 mg/month or ≥300 mg/month by maintenance or replacement dosing. Findings were robust to numerous sensitivity analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Though residual confounding cannot be ruled out in this observational study, findings suggest that IV iron dosing <300 mg/month, as commonly seen with maintenance dosing of 100-200 mg/month, may be a more effective approach to support Hgb than the higher IV iron doses (300-400 mg/month) often given in many European and North American hemodialysis clinics. Alongside studies supporting the safety of IV iron in 100-200 mg/month dose range, these findings help guide the rational dosing of IV iron in anemia management protocols for everyday hemodialysis practice.

KEYWORDS:

IV iron; TSAT; anemia; ferritin; hemodialysis; hemoglobin

PMID:
29121874
PMCID:
PMC5679150
DOI:
10.1186/s12882-017-0745-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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