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See 1 citation in Eur J Prev Cardiol 2013:

Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2013 Oct;20(5):763-70. doi: 10.1177/2047487312449592. Epub 2012 May 25.

Secondary medical prevention after primary vascular surgery between 1996 and 2006: a shift towards more evidence-based treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Vascular Surgery, Regionshospitalet Viborg, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The implementation of evidence-based secondary medical prevention in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients has received increasing attention in recent years, but population-based data are sparse. This study examined the use of secondary medical prophylaxis in unselected symptomatic PAD patients in Denmark.

DESIGN:

A nationwide follow-up study based on individual-level record linkages of population-based healthcare registers was performed.

PARTICIPANTS:

All patients who underwent primary vascular reconstruction in Denmark between 1996 and 2006 with a minimum of 6 months of follow-up were included (n = 16,492).

METHODS:

Data were obtained from prescriptions that were filled six months after primary vascular reconstruction (±90 days). The use of secondary medical prevention was examined according to calendar year and place of residence.

RESULTS:

The use of lipid-lowering drugs increased from 32.2% in 1996 to 76.1% in 2006 (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.95, 95% CI 1.81-2.10). The overall use of antihypertensive therapy was unchanged during the study period, but treatment shifted from diuretics/calcium antagonists towards angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor antagonists. The use of combination therapy (concomitant lipid-lowering, antiplatelet and any antihypertensive therapies) increased from 29.1% in 1996 to 67.6% in 2006 (adjusted RR 1.95, 95% CI 1.80-2.12). This shift in the use of secondary medical prevention was independent of sociodemographic and clinical factors. No substantial differences in pharmacological use based on place of residence were observed.

CONCLUSION:

The use of evidence-based secondary medical prevention, especially lipid-lowering drugs, increased substantially among symptomatic PAD patients in Denmark from 1996 to 2006. However, recommendations in current clinical guidelines suggest that room for improvement remains.

KEYWORDS:

Nationwide follow up study; peripheral arterial disease; secondary medical prevention; vascular surgery

PMID:
22637739
DOI:
10.1177/2047487312449592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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