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J Travel Med. 2018 Aug 1;25(1). doi: 10.1093/jtm/tay055.

Epidemiological aspects of travel-related systemic endemic mycoses: a GeoSentinel analysis, 1997-2017.

Author information

1
Division of Clinical Infectious Diseases and German Center for Infection Research Tuberculosis Unit, Research Center Borstel, Leibniz Lung Center, Borstel, Germany.
2
Travelers' Health Branch, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA.
3
Section of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, 1st Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
4
Department of Clinical Research, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.
5
Center of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
6
J. D. MacLean Centre for Tropical Diseases, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
7
National Referral Unit for Tropical Diseases, Infectious Diseases Department, Ramon y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
8
Tropical Medicine Department, University Hospital Center, Bordeaux, France.
9
Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
10
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
11
National Referral Unit for Tropical and Travel Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario La Paz-Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.
12
The Center for Geographic Medicine and Internal Medicine 'C' Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
13
Méditerranée Infection, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Aix-Marseille-Université, Marseille, France.
14
Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.
15
International Health/Infectious Diseases, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
16
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
17
Department of Global Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
18
Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

Background:

International travel has increased in the past few decades, placing more travellers at risk of acquiring systemic endemic mycoses. There are limited published data on systemic endemic mycoses among international travellers. We report epidemiological characteristics of non-migrant, international travellers who acquired systemic endemic mycoses during travel.

Methods:

We analysed records of non-migrant international travellers with a confirmed diagnosis of histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis or talaromycosis reported from 1997 through 2017 to GeoSentinel, a global surveillance network now consisting of 70 travel or tropical medicine centres in 31 countries.

Results:

Sixty-nine records met the inclusion criteria. Histoplasmosis was most frequently reported; the 51 travellers with histoplasmosis had the lowest median age (30 years; range: 8-85) and shortest median duration of travel (12 days; range: 5-154). Coccidioidomycosis was reported in 14 travellers; travellers with coccidioidomycosis were older (median 62 years; range: 22-78) and had the longest median number of days between return from travel and presentation to a GeoSentinel site (55 days; range: 17-273). Almost all travellers with coccidioidomycosis were exposed in the USA. Other systemic endemic mycoses were less frequently reported, including blastomycosis (three travellers) and talaromycosis (one traveller).

Conclusions:

Although relatively rare, systemic endemic mycoses should be considered as potential travel-related infections in non-migrant international travellers. Epidemiological exposures should be used to guide diagnostic evaluations and treatment.

PMID:
30085265
PMCID:
PMC6628256
DOI:
10.1093/jtm/tay055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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