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Pediatrics. 1983 Jul;72(1):71-8.

Enhancing infant development and parent-practitioner interaction with the Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale.

Abstract

Studies performed in low socioeconomic populations have shown that the demonstration of a newborn's developmental capacity to his mother during the first few days post partum enhances subsequent mother-infant interactions. This study was undertaken to determine whether demonstrating the Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale to white middle-class mothers would result in similar outcomes. Mothers of 75 neonates were randomly assigned to either an experimental group or to one of two control groups. Direct observation, subjective assessment of mother-infant interactions, and maternal questionnaires were used 1 and 3 months later to assess outcomes on several dimensions. Mothers in the experimental group spent more time playing with, talking to, and looking at their infants than did those in either control group, and were less likely to use feeding as a method of interacting with their infants. Experimental group mothers also were more likely to ask developmentally related questions. However, no differences were found in most indices of maternal-infant interaction used. The results of this study and a review of the literature indicate that the recommendation that such a demonstration be performed with all neonates must be weighed against the other methods available for enhancing infant development and healthy parent-child interaction.

PMID:
6866594
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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