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Immunol Lett. 2001 May 1;77(1):17-23.

Enhancement of antigen-presenting ability of B lymphoma cells by immunostimulatory CpG-oligonucleotides and anti-CD40 antibody.

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Institute of Immunology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310031, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.


Immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides containing the CpG motifs (CpG-ODN) can activate antigen-presenting cells including dendritic cells, macrophages, B cells, and enhance production of Thl cytokines. So, CpG-ODN has been regarded as a promising immune adjuvant. Using the A20 B lymphoma cell model, we investigated the effect of CpG-ODN on the immunogenicity of B lymphoma cells and whether CpG-ODN could enhance the antigen-presenting ability of B lymphoma cells. After incubation with CpG-ODN, proliferation of A20 cells remained unchanged. But CpG-ODN stimulation up-regulated the expression of MHC-I, MHC-II, CD40, ICAM-1 molecules in A20 cells, enhanced the antigen uptake ability of A20 cells, and promoted A20 cell production of IgM and IgG. More importantly, A20 cells activated by CpG-ODN could stimulate allogeneic T cells in MLR and antigen-primed T cells to proliferate more efficiently, suggesting the antigen-presenting ability of A20 B lymphoma cells could be enhanced by CpG-ODN stimulation and CpG-ODN-activated B lymphoma cells might be used as a potent cellular vaccine. Although anti-CD40 mAb was as effective as CpG-ODN at activating A20 cells and A20 cells expressed more CD40 molecules after CpG-ODN stimulation, a combination of CpG-ODN and anti-CD40 mAb had no synergistic effect on A20 cell activation. Our data expanded the potential application of CpG-ODN as an immunotherapeutic agent in cancer treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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