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Cancer Gene Ther. 2000 Feb;7(2):177-86.

Enhanced antitumoral effect of adenovirus-mediated cytosine deaminase gene therapy by induction of antigen-presenting cells through stem cell factor/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor gene transfer.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. caoxt@public3.sta.net.cn

Abstract

Suicide gene therapy has been studied intensively for the treatment of cancer. A limited antitumoral effect was obtained by intratumoral injection of adenovirus harboring Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase gene (AdCD) in tumor-bearing mice followed by continuous administration of 5-fluorocytosine (5FC). To address the drawbacks of the limited potential for the induction of antitumoral immunity by CD suicide gene therapy, we hypothesized that antigen-presenting cells (APCs) might contribute to the efficient induction of an antitumoral immune response in tumor-bearing mice undergoing suicide gene therapy. We preinjected the mice with murine stem cell factor (SCF)-encoding adenovirus (AdSCF) and murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-encoding adenovirus (AdGM-CSF); after 7 days, the mice were inoculated with CT26 colon adenocarcinoma. AdCD was injected intratumorally into tumor-bearing mice followed by 5FC administration. The results showed that AdSCF/AdGM-CSF treatment could increase the number, surface molecule expression, and function of APCs efficiently. A more significant growth inhibition of established tumors and a prolongation of the survival period were observed in tumor-bearing mice after AdSCF/AdGM-CSF pretreatment in combination with AdCD/5FC therapy when compared with mice treated with AdSCF or AdGM-CSF in combination with AdCD/5FC, or AdCD/5FC alone (P < .01). Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity was induced efficiently after the combined therapy, and mRNA of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-4, interferon-gamma, and interleukin-2 was present in the tumor mass after combined therapy, suggesting that a more potent antitumoral response was induced by enhanced APCs. Our results demonstrated that AdSCF/AdGM-CSF pretreatment could activate APCs, and that these APCs could present the tumor antigens released from AdCD/5FC-killed tumor cells and activate the antitumoral response of the host, thus increasing the therapeutic efficiency of suicide gene therapy.

PMID:
10770625
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cgt.7700114
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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