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Transl Res. 2013 Jan;161(1):15-25. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2012.05.004. Epub 2012 Jun 9.

Endothelial nitric oxide gene haplotype reduces the effect of a single bout of exercise on the vascular reactivity in healthy subjects.

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1
Laboratory of Exercise Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

Abstract

Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene reduce shear stress-induced nitric oxide production. Thus, we investigated the individual and combined impact of 3 variants in the eNOS gene (-786T>C, intron 4b4a, and 894G>T) on vascular reactivity before and after exercise. Sedentary, healthy subjects were studied (105 women/26 men, age 32 ± 1 years [mean ± standard error of the mean]). Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism, and haplotypes were determined by a Bayesian-based algorithm. Vascular reactivity was evaluated by the percentage of change in forearm vascular conductance provoked by 5 minutes of circulatory occlusion before (baseline) and 10, 60, and 120 minutes after a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. Vascular reactivity increased 10 minutes after exercise in the entire sample (baseline: 218 ± 11% vs 10 minutes: 284 ± 15%, P < 0.001), remained increased at 60 minutes (239 ± 12%, P = 0.02 vs baseline), and returned to baseline at 120 minutes (210 ± 10%, P = 0.83 vs baseline). Genotype analysis showed that subjects with the 894G>T polymorphism had lower vascular reactivity than wild counterparts (group effect, P = 0.05). Furthermore, subjects with haplotype 2 (H2), containing the -786T>C and 894G>T polymorphisms, had lower vascular reactivity than wild counterparts (haplotype 1 [H1]) (group effect, P = 0.05), whereas subjects with haplotype 4 (H4), containing only the 894G>T polymorphism, had vascular reactivity similar to that of wild counterparts (H1) (group effect, P = 0.35). Altogether, these results indicate that the 894G>T polymorphism reduced exercise-mediated increase in vascular reactivity, particularly when it occurred concomitantly with the -786T>C polymorphism.

PMID:
22691914
DOI:
10.1016/j.trsl.2012.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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