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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Nov-Dec;21(6):1118-24. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002825. Epub 2014 May 28.

Effects of librarian-provided services in healthcare settings: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.
2
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA.
3
Gerstein Science Library, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
4
St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.
5
George J Farha Medical Library, Kansas University School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, USA.
6
West Hills Hospital & Medical Center, West Hills, USA.
7
Taubman Health Sciences Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
8
Winn-Dixie Foundation Medical Library, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, USA.
9
Daniel Library, The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.
10
Psychiatry Library, Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada.
11
The Commonwealth Medical College, Scranton, USA.
12
Weill Cornell Medical Library, New York, USA.
13
Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center, Ponoma, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects of librarian-provided services in healthcare settings on patient, healthcare provider, and researcher outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Medline, CINAHL, ERIC, LISA (Library and Information Science Abstracts), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception to June 2013. Studies involving librarian-provided services for patients encountering the healthcare system, healthcare providers, or researchers were eligible for inclusion. All librarian-provided services in healthcare settings were considered as an intervention, including hospitals, primary care settings, or public health clinics.

RESULTS:

Twenty-five articles fulfilled our eligibility criteria, including 22 primary publications and three companion reports. The majority of studies (15/22 primary publications) examined librarians providing instruction in literature searching to healthcare trainees, and measured literature searching proficiency. Other studies analyzed librarian-provided literature searching services and instruction in question formulation as well as the impact of librarian-provided services on patient length of stay in hospital. No studies were found that investigated librarians providing direct services to researchers or patients in healthcare settings.

CONCLUSIONS:

Librarian-provided services directed to participants in training programs (eg, students, residents) improve skills in searching the literature to facilitate the integration of research evidence into clinical decision-making. Services provided to clinicians were shown to be effective in saving time for health professionals and providing relevant information for decision-making. Two studies indicated patient length of stay was reduced when clinicians requested literature searches related to a patient's case.

KEYWORDS:

Librarians; Library Services; Medical Informatics; Systematic Review

PMID:
24872341
PMCID:
PMC4215058
DOI:
10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002825
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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