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Nephron. 1993;64(1):47-52.

Effect of urea and indomethacin intake on solute excretion in the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.

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Unité de recherche du métabolisme hydrominéral, Hôpital universitaire Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgique.


Our purpose was to compare the effect of urea and indomethacin on solute excretion in hyponatremic patients with inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). In 6 patients (serum Na: 126 +/- 3 mmol/l), the intake of urea (0.1 g/kg) induced a decrease in sodium excretion while urine osmolality, urine flow and osmotic clearance (Cosm) did not change. In the control group, the urinary flow and Cosm were increased as expected, while sodium excretion tended to increase. In the SIADH group, the decrease in the fractional excretion (FE) of Na+ (FE.Na+) (or FE.Cl-) after urea intake was negatively correlated with urinary urea concentration while the FE.K+ was positively correlated with FE.Na+ (or FE.Cl-), which suggests that the effect of urea on sodium excretion takes place proximally to the distal tubule, probably at the thin ascending limb. After indomethacin intake, FE.Na+ (or FE.Cl-), FE.K+, Fe.osm and Fe.urea decreased in the normal and hyponatremic groups. The mean free water reabsorption relatively to osmolar delivery was lower in SIADH (p < 0.05), and did not change significantly after indomethacin intake. The fact that the decrease of FE.Na+ (or FE.Cl-) after indomethacin was associated with a decrease in FE.K+ suggests that the increase in sodium (or chloride) reabsorption occurred more proximally to the distal tubule (probably a the medullary segment of the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle).

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