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Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Apr;30(2):209-213. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12878. Epub 2018 Jan 21.

Effect of the Prevent Alcohol and Risk-Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) Program among senior school students.

Author information

1
National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
2
Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
3
Trauma Service, The Alfred, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
4
Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
5
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The Prevent Alcohol and Risk-Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) Program at The Alfred uses vivid clinical reality to build resilience and prevent injury by following a trauma patient's journey through hospital. The present study aims to analyse the effect of P.A.R.T.Y. on safety perceptions of driving after alcohol, seat belt use and risk-taking activities.

METHODS:

Pre-programme, immediately post-programme and 3-5 months post-programme surveys with questions focused on the programme aims were distributed to all consented participants.

RESULTS:

There were 2502 participants during the study period and 1315 (53%) responses were received. The mean age was 16.2 (SD 0.8) years, 724 (56%) were women and 892 (68%) possessed a learner's permit for driving. Pre-programme, 1130 (86%) participants reported 'definitely not' likely to drive after drinking alcohol, that improved to 1231 (94%) immediately post-programme and 1215 (93%) at 3-5 months post-programme (P < 0.01). Designating a safe driver after drinking was reported by 1275 (97%) pre-programme, 1295 (98%) immediately post-programme and 1286 (98.2%) 3-5 months post-programme (P = 0.02). The perception of sustaining 'definite' injury after a motor vehicle crash without a seat belt increased from 780 (60%) pre-programme to 1051 (80%) immediately post-programme and 886 (69%) 3-5 months post-programme (P < 0.01). The possibility of sustaining 'definite' injury after risk-taking activities was reported by 158 (12%) pre-programme, 467 (36%) post-programme and 306 (23%) 3-5 months post-programme (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The P.A.R.T.Y. Program at The Alfred engaged substantial numbers of youths and achieved significant improvements among key outcome measures. Objectives were sustained at 3-5 months post-programme, but demonstrated decay, highlighting the importance of continual reinforcement.

KEYWORDS:

adolescents; alcohol intoxication; decision-making; risk-taking; trauma prevention

PMID:
29356353
DOI:
10.1111/1742-6723.12878
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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