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BMC Bioinformatics. 2019 Jul 24;20(Suppl 13):383. doi: 10.1186/s12859-019-2858-6.

Drug repurposing with network reinforcement.

Author information

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, Ajou University, 206, World cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 16499, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Surgery, Thyroid Cancer Center, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Institute of Refractory Thyroid Cancer, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 211 Eonjuro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06273, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Industrial Engineering, Ajou University, 206, World cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 16499, Republic of Korea. shin@ajou.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Drug repurposing has been motivated to ameliorate low probability of success in drug discovery. For the recent decade, many in silico attempts have received primary attention as a first step to alleviate the high cost and longevity. Such study has taken benefits of abundance, variety, and easy accessibility of pharmaceutical and biomedical data. Utilizing the research friendly environment, in this study, we propose a network-based machine learning algorithm for drug repurposing. Particularly, we show a framework on how to construct a drug network, and how to strengthen the network by employing multiple/heterogeneous types of data.

RESULTS:

The proposed method consists of three steps. First, we construct a drug network from drug-target protein information. Then, the drug network is reinforced by utilizing drug-drug interaction knowledge on bioactivity and/or medication from literature databases. Through the enhancement, the number of connected nodes and the number of edges between them become more abundant and informative, which can lead to a higher probability of success of in silico drug repurposing. The enhanced network recommends candidate drugs for repurposing through drug scoring. The scoring process utilizes graph-based semi-supervised learning to determine the priority of recommendations.

CONCLUSIONS:

The drug network is reinforced in terms of the coverage and connections of drugs: the drug coverage increases from 4738 to 5442, and the drug-drug associations as well from 808,752 to 982,361. Along with the network enhancement, drug recommendation becomes more reliable: AUC of 0.89 was achieved lifted from 0.79. For typical cases, 11 recommended drugs were shown for vascular dementia: amantadine, conotoxin GV, tenocyclidine, cycloeucine, etc.

KEYWORDS:

Drug repurposing; Drug scoring; Network reinforcement; Semi-supervised learning

PMID:
31337333
PMCID:
PMC6651901
DOI:
10.1186/s12859-019-2858-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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