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Pediatr Obes. 2016 Feb;11(1):61-7. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12022. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

Downward trends in the prevalence of childhood overweight in two pilot towns taking part in the VIASANO community-based programme in Belgium: data from a national school health monitoring system.

Author information

1
Department of Human Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
2
Cardiovascular Department, Saint-Luc University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.
3
Viasano, Brussels, Belgium.
4
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
5
EPODE European Network, Paris, France.
6
Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences Section of Metabolism and Nutrition, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
7
Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Brussels, Belgium.
8
Department of Therapeutic Chemistry, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Multilevel approaches involving environmental strategies are considered to be good practice to help reduce the prevalence of childhood overweight.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of VIASANO, a community-based programme using the EPODE methodology, on the prevalence of overweight in two pilot towns in Belgium.

METHODS:

We analysed data from a national school health monitoring system to compare changes in the prevalence of overweight and obesity over a 3-year period (2007-2010) in children aged 3-4 and 5-6 years in the pilot towns with those of children of the same ages from the whole French-speaking community of Belgium. Heights and weights of all participants were measured by trained school nurses using a standardized method.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of overweight (-2.1%) and overweight + obesity (-2.4%) decreased in the pilot towns, but remained stable in the comparison population (+0.1% and +0.2%, respectively). After adjustment for lack of homogeneity between the study populations, there was a trend towards a decrease in overweight (P = 0.054) and overweight + obesity (P = 0.058) in the pilot towns compared with the general population.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that a community-based programme, such as VIASANO, may be a promising strategy for reducing the prevalence of childhood overweight even over a short period of time.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood overweight; EPODE; community-based intervention; obesity; prevention

PMID:
25829145
DOI:
10.1111/ijpo.12022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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