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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2009 Nov;17(11):1393-8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-009-0860-7. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Distribution of injury mechanisms and related factors in ACL-injured female carving skiers.

Author information

1
Institut für Sportwissenschaften Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. gerhard.ruedl@uibk.ac.at

Abstract

While ACL injury mechanisms in skiers using traditional skis are well studied, no study has yet investigated the distribution of injury mechanisms in carving skiers. In traditional skiers, the backward twisting fall seems to be the dominant injury mechanism, especially in female skiers. Female recreational skiers have a threefold higher risk to sustain an ACL injury than male skiers; therefore, it is important to determine if carving skis influence the distribution of injury mechanisms and the related frequencies of ACL injuries in female skiers. We investigated the frequencies of injury mechanisms and related factors in 65 ACL-injured female carving skiers by questionnaire. The forward twisting fall was the most reported ACL injury mechanism with about 51%, followed by the backward twisting fall within 29% of cases. Catching an edge of the ski (59 vs. 24%, P = 0.03) when executing turns (69 vs. 41%, P = 0.053) was a more frequent cause for forward twisting falls than for the other types of falling. While 29% of bindings released during a forward twisting fall, only 3.1% released during the remaining mechanisms. In contrast to traditional skiers, the forward twisting fall was the dominant injury mechanism in female carving skiers with ACL injury.

PMID:
19590853
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-009-0860-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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