Format

Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found using an alternative search:

Vascul Pharmacol. 2007 Jan;46(1):24-34. Epub 2006 Jun 17.

Differential effects of peroxynitrite on the function of arginine vasopressin V(1a) receptors and alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7389, USA. slewis@vet.uga.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to provide evidence that peroxynitrite may differentially affect the function of arginine vasopressin (AVP) V(1a) receptors and alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in vascular smooth muscle of the rat

METHODS:

The vasoconstrictor responses elicited by AVP, or the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine, were determined in anesthetized rats before and after injections of (i) peroxynitrite, the thiol chelator, para-hydroxymercurobenzoic acid (PHMBA), or the electron acceptor, nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT). The ability of the reducing agent, glutathione, to reverse the loss of response to phenylephrine and AVP in peroxynitrite-treated rats was also examined.

RESULTS:

The AVP-induced responses were suppressed 10-20 min but not 60-70 min after the administration of peroxynitrite. Glutathione reversed the above loss of response to AVP at 10-20 min. The responses elicited by phenylephrine were suppressed 10-20 min and 60-70 min after administration of peroxynitrite. Glutathione did not reverse the above losses of response to phenylephrine. In addition, the vasoconstrictor actions of AVP and phenylephrine were markedly suppressed after administration of PHMBA or nitroblue tetrazolium.

CONCLUSIONS:

The above findings provide evidence that exogenously administered peroxynitrite may differentially affect the function of AVP V(1a) receptors and alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in vascular smooth muscle of the rat. The possibility that peroxynitrite impairs AVP V(1a) receptor function by transient oxidation events whereas peroxynitrite impairs alpha(1)-adrenoceptor function by transient oxidation and permanent nitration events will be discussed.

PMID:
16861049
DOI:
10.1016/j.vph.2006.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center