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Methods Enzymol. 2001;332:233-44.

Differential display analysis of gene expression altered by ras oncogene.

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Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838, USA.


The goal of the signal transduction pathways, such as those controlled by Ras, is in large part to ensure highly stringent regulation of the target genes in the nucleus, which are collectively responsible for the signal output, or phenotypes, of the cell. Understanding of the Ras effect ultimately requires the identification of these downstream target genes. Reverse genetic approaches would trace back the pathways by which they are regulated by Ras. While newer methods such as DNA microarray are emerging, differential display has allowed the identification of a greater number of differentially expressed genes than have been cloned by all the other methods combined, based on Medline search. Much of this success has been attributed to its simplicity (RT-PCR and DNA-sequencing gel) and versatility (compare more than two RNAs for both up- and downregulated genes). It has become obvious that finding the genes by either differential display or DNA microarray is only the first step toward the understanding of biological problems under investigation. It is hoped that finding the right genes through careful experimental designs, such as outlined here, will narrow down the number of relevant genes and increase the odds for solving the puzzles of nature, such as ras.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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